6 Factors to Check the Quality of a Piano

Shopping a piano is definitely a challenging experience for many. And therefore some even settle down to buy a second hand piano. Your decision is on first or second hand, here we give you a complete check list to observe while buying a piano to make your purchase a worthy!

Tuning pins

The tuning pins should be uniform. The tuning pin coils and pin block should have a clearance of 1/8 inches. The pin blocks should be chemical free as some manufacturers apply chemicals on tightening them.



The strings can be rusted as the rusts do not affect the tunes. However the strings should be of uniform age. Some new and some of older iron might affect the tunes. The strings should run as long as possible inside the piano space. Only then, the tunes of the piano are rich. The longest length is possible only when the strings run diagonally. In some pianos the strings run parallel to each other which limit the length of the longest string.


A loose bass bridge might lead to a wary note as days pass. It is always good to avoid such pianos. For a vintage piano make sure that the wooden upper bearing points do not have any cracks.

Soundboard and ribs

Check if the sound board is good by pressing all the keys from one end to another. The tones should be even. Also there should be no cracking in the ribs. They should also be not glued.


Pedals – Check if they are Sostenuto Pedal

What is a Sostenuto Pedal?

The Sostenuto pedal is the recently added pedal in the modern pianos. It sustains the selected notes even after releasing the pedal.

  • A piano with middle pedal is the best to buy. If the piano is not activated on pressing the middle pedal, then the piano may be of lower quality.
  • The dampers are checked by pressing the right pedal to see if they get elevated.
  • The pedal to the left when pressed should move the hammers close to the strings.

Commercial factors in buying a new piano

New pianos should have a good warranty period. The retailer should provide with complimentary tuning, moving charges. Also, many dealers will give you complete purchase price when you are buying a high quality piano.

Common questions to check for the quality of a piano

  1. If the keys are evenly spaced?
  2. IS the sound of every note played even?
  3. Do the pedals work without noise?
  4. Do the tuning pins stand straight without leaning on one another?
  5. If there are gaps between the soundboard and bridges?
  6. Are there splits between the bridge pins?
  7. Is the iron frame or the wood cracked?
  8. Is the piano free of unusual noises like buzzes, squeaks or clicks when the keys are played.

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